Europe and Central Asia
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Prior to the Turkmen habitation, most of this desert had been uninhabited, whereas the extra liveable areas alongside the Caspian Sea, Kopetdag Mountains, Amu Darya, and Murgap River (Murgap Deryasy) have been populated predominantly by Iranians. The metropolis click to find out more-state of Merv was an especially large sedentary and agricultural area, essential as each a regional financial-cultural center and a transit hub on the Silk Road.
In the Soviet era, all non secular beliefs had been attacked by the communist authorities as superstition and “vestiges of the previous.” Most spiritual schooling and non secular observance have been banned, and the vast majority of mosques were closed. An official Muslim Board of Central Asia with a headquarters in Tashkent was established during World War II to supervise Islam in Central Asia. For essentially the most half, the Muslim Board functioned as an instrument of propaganda whose actions did little to enhance the Muslim cause. Atheist indoctrination stifled religious improvement and contributed to the isolation of the Turkmen from the worldwide Muslim community. The component that has transformed the position of women from homemaker to primary breadwinner of the household is a revolution that Turkmen civilization has gone by way of.
And if a woman will get a foul popularity, no man will marry her, which can significantly limit her prospects in life, few that they are to start with. Next semester, she plans to switch to Montana State University Billings — or presumably Mississippi State, relying on funds — to pursue a doctorate degree in political science.
Expert Perspective:Jeff Spurr, Islamic and Middle East Specialist, Harvard University Fine Arts Library
This disproportionately impacts rural and poor populations, and particularly women. Several interviewees noted that families are more likely to put money into sending their sons to institutions of upper training than their daughters, who will most probably marry and stay with their in-laws. In the past decade, the Turkmen government has lowered compulsory training from 11 years to 9 years. The government’s closure of most of the nation’s Russian schools has additional resulted in a decline within the high quality of training. Turkmenistan’s training system has been in a downward spiral for several years.
For girls, the lack of common and reproductive well being schooling has resulted in a low degree of information of primary well being data and the perpetuation of myths about women’s well being. Information about contraception and sexually transmitted illnesses isn’t taught at school, and access to information for young women about these topics elsewhere is restricted.
Pay tended to be larger for extra educated people and people within the intellectual sphere. The cuts in jobs for lecturers and health-care staff occurred because of authorities reorganization, she said. It had not had negative penalties on women as a result of new well being and educational institutions had been opened, together with diagnostic and prophylactic centres, leading to new jobs for these women. With respect to ethnic minorities, she mentioned 94 p.c of the population have been Turkmen.
Under their commander, Genghis Khan, founding father of the Mongol Empire, the Mongols conquered Khwarezm and burned the town of Merv to the bottom. The Mongol leader ordered the bloodbath of Merv’s inhabitants in addition to the destruction of the province’s farms and irrigation works which successfully ended the Iranian dominance in urban areas and agricultural communities of khwarezm. These areas had been soon repopulated by the Turkmen who survived the invasion and had retreated northward to the plains of Kazakhstan or westward to the shores of the Caspian Sea. After the division of the Mongol Empire, current Turkmenistan was handed to Chagatai Khanate except southernmost half was belonged to Ilkhanate. In 1157, the rule of Seljuks dynasty came to an end in the province of Khorasan.
Today, Turkmenistan has a high price of unemployment and provides insufficient public assistance. Scenes of elderly women hawking items at the bazaar – a uncommon sight through the Soviet period – at the moment are commonplace as a lot of the country’s aged population struggles to survive with out state help.
However, young girls typically marry by way of an organized marriage, and the groom’s household typically provides an expensive reward to the mother and father of the bride. When a bride enters her husband’s home, she is required to take over the home tasks of the family. Sometimes she must work to repay the expense her husband’s family paid for the gifts to her and her family. The bride is given a very low standing within the family, which may not be elevated till she offers her husband with a son, if ever. There aren’t any statistics on Turkmenistan’s system of financial support for households in need, and the interviews conducted for this report didn’t paint a clear picture of the present welfare system.
In Turkmenistan, nearly half of all women are overweight
The country’s greatest extent from west to east is 1,100 km (680 mi), and its biggest north-to-south distance is 650 km (four hundred mi). On June 14, Berdimuhamedow re-opened the Turkmen Academy of Sciences, which had been shut down by his predecessor.
If you want to use copyrighted materials from this site for functions of your own that transcend ‘truthful use’, you have to obtain permission from the copyright proprietor. If you’re the copyright proprietor and would like this content faraway from factsanddetails.com, please contact me. They generally possessed a number of highly specialized expertise and crafts, particularly those related with the family and its upkeep. During the Soviet interval, women assumed duty for the observance of some Muslim rites to protect their husbands’ careers. Many women entered the work force out of financial necessity, a factor that disrupted some conventional household practices and increased the incidence of divorce.
The government doesn’t want a adverse impression or influence from the internet for its citizen and vice-versa, doesn’t need that “information” is leaked to out to the world. As there isn’t any web messenger like WhatsApp available in Turkmenistan, I didn’t see many individuals utilizing a mobile phone for texting or surfing the internet. A Hare Krishna representative reported that harassment from officials had decreased since her group’s registration; there have been no stories of authorities beating Hare Krishnas throughout this reporting interval.
The authorities report states in Paragraph 146 that “the right to receive help from the opposite spouse, beneath circumstances established by law, is maintained even after the dissolution of marriage” (Turkmen Family Code, Article 28). The government additional states that, in circumstances of divorce, a court determines problems with custody, baby support, and alimony. However, the government doesn’t present any information about the components judges consider in making their decisions, what the process entails, and even which parties are involved within the process. Nor does the government present statistics on baby custody, alimony, youngster help, or divorce rates.
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